The Humiliation of Elizabeth Bennet
And Mr. Darcy
Susan Fraiman in her dissertation " The Humiliation of Elizabeth Bennet” argues that Elizabeth Bennet, the protagonist of Anne Austen's book Pride and Prejudice, is usually disempowered when ever she deconfit Fitzwilliam Darcy who works Mr. Bennet as controlling literary physique. Fraiman claims that Elizabeth is a surrogate-son to her dad trapped inside her woman body during an age when gender roles had been rigorously set.
Judith Retainer in her essay of 1990 known as " Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory, " states that performing your gender wrong initiates some punishments equally obvious and indirect. Throughout the contribution of Butler's theory, this essay aims to display that it is not simply, as Fraiman claims, At the Bennet who will be punished by simply society pertaining to performing her gender incorrect, but also Mr. Darcy. In respect to convention, Mister Darcy functions his male or female wrong and he passes a feminine brand and is generally passive, " unsocial” and " taciturn” as At the puts it. He admits: " I undoubtedly have not the talent which will some people possess of conversing easily with those I have never found before” He admits to Elizabeth with the very that he was humiliated when the lady asks him why he was " and so shy of [her]”.
It must be deemed then that Darcy will not want to " humiliate‟ Elizabeth with his " intensive power” of any " paternalistic noble” but is rather embarrassed by it him self. after all he has many " feminine" qualities:
He waits to be acknowledged;
he favors listening to talking;
he is receptive rather than intense;
he is anxious about his reputation and judges people according to their manners; he is the person his friends come to for advice, and
he writes letters rather than personally dealing with people.
To perform a person's gender proper, as Judith Butler asserts in " Performative Acts and Gender Constitution, ” means to carry out one's gender in accordance with historic and ethnical sanctions that change with time.
Butler's dissertation deconstructs society's belief that gender is a fixed organic given. Your woman questions in the event that and how we all exist just before societal ideology's imposition by observing sexuality in a phenomenological way and finds that gender is often performed, but the performance varies according to time period.
What does certainly not vary, however , is society's punishment of people who don't perform their male or female according to the current convention. Elizabeth Bennet offers aligned herself with her father and his male, 3rd party perspective. Mister. Bennet bequeaths [to Elizabeth] his ironic distance from your world, the habit of studying and appraising all those around him, the position of sociable critic.
Therefore Lizzie is less a daughter when compared to a surrogate kid, who by giving up the mother and giving in to the father, reaps the spoils of maleness. When it comes to society, however , Lizzie's male independence is usually dangerous. Your woman does not respond like a gentlewoman of her time who was expected to bring and do needlework indoors while waiting for a suitor to whisk her off to the altar.
*The haughty Bingley sisters instantly declare her behavior unsuitable: " To walk 3 miles, or four miles, or five miles, or whatever it really is, above her ankles in dirt, and alone, quite alone! Might she mean by it? It seems to me showing an repugnant sort of conceited independence, a most country-town indifference to decorum'' (Austen 25).
*When Mr. Collins proposes to Lizzie, she does not employ " the usual practice of elegant females, but diminishes his provide as a " rational creature speaking the truth from her heart” (Austen 75).
While Lizzie's decision to refuse the buffoonish Mr. Collins is justified, it really is non-etheless precarious in her situation. In the event that she and her sis Jane had not married Darcy and Bingley respectively, that can be regarded as the exceptions towards the rule, they would have lost their particular parents‟ entailed house to Mr....